7th-8th History – Rome -Week 9

PARENTS – Remember to let me know when your child has finished the assigned reading, then I will send my handout covering the week’s lesson.

NERO; TEMPLE DESTROYED;
JEWS DISPERSED

FINAL OPPORTUNITY WILL BE E-MAILED FRIDAY MORNING.  YOU HAVE 7 DAYS TO FINISH IT AND RETURN IT TO ME VIA E-MAIL, SNAIL MAIL, OR IN PERSON. 

Day 1 – Read Famous Men of Rome, ch. XXIV.

Day 2 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 159-162.

Day 3 – Read “Titus Destroys Jerusalem,” attached.

Day 4 – Read Famous Men of Rome, ch. XXV.

Recitation -Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.
Recommended video – “Quo Vadis.”

Recommended Reading – For the Temple & Beric the Briton, GA Henty.
(These can make up the first ½ of your summer reading list!)
Then move on to Eagle of the Ninth & The Lantern Bearers, by Rosemary Sutcliffe.)

STUDY FOR FINAL EXAM!

 

JESUS IS BORN!

Day 1 – Read Luke 2:1-20.
Who was Emperor during most of Jesus’ life?

Day 2 – Read Luke 2:21-38.

Day 3 – Read Luke 2:39-52.
Who was Judas Maccabeus?

Day 4 – Read Daniel 2:27-45. The Romans were described in Daniel hundreds of years before they emerged as world leaders. Use your Bible, dictionary, commentary & research reasons God may have intended Jesus to be born during this time.

Study for FINAL EXAM!!!
Recitation: Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.
Recommended Video – “That the World May Know,” vol. 3-4.
Recommended reading – Titus, Comrade of the Cross; How Shall We Then Live? by Francis Schaeffer, ch. 1.

AUGUSTUS CAESAR RULES; 1ST EMPEROR OF ROME; REPUBLIC ENDS AFTER 479 YEARS, FOLLOWED BY REIGN OF 12 CAESARS

Day 1 – Read Famous Men of Rome, ch. XXIII (Augustus).

Day 2 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 133-136.

Day 3 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 192-197.

Day 4 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 305-307.

 

A birthday greeting for Augustus Caesar read as follows:

“This day has changed the earth.  The providence which rules over all has filled this man with such gifts for the salvation of the world as to make him the savior for us and for coming generations.  Of wars he will make an end…It is impossible that one greater than he can ever appear.  The birthday of God has brought us glad tidings.”

                 What does that sound like?

RECITATION – Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

 

CLEOPATRA & ANTONY DEFEATED;
OCTAVIUS RULES

Day 1 – Read Ten Famous Lives, Antony; Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 84-90.

Day 2 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp.97-100.

Day 3 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 112-116.
Why is the Battle of Actium so important?
What were Cleopatra’s Needles?
Where were they originally erected?
Where are they now?

Day 4 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 117-121.

3-PAGE PAPER on Caesar due today!

RECITATION – Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

Recommended video – “Cleopatra”, with Elizabeth Taylor & Richard Burton.

This day in history – 118 AD, the first installment of Plutarch’s famous “Lives” was published April 20th. “Lives” was the basis for Shakespeare’s historical plays. Plutarch greatly disliked Cleopatra. Did Shakespeare’s play reflect Plutarch’s feelings?

JULIUS CAESAR SLAIN

Day 1 – Read Augustus Caesar’s World, pp. 10-18.

Day 2 – Read a summary of Caesar’s death at: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/caesar2.htm

Day 3 – In honor of our national tragedy, Income Tax deadline April 15th, I urge you to consider the impact of the injustice of Caesar’s wrongful murder, and income taxes! (No homework!).

Day 4 – Read the article at: http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/julius- caesar, then watch some of the interesting videos.

RECITATION – Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

This week in history – 65 A.D. – The Roman philosopher Seneca was, on April 12, forced by the Emperor Nero to commit suicide. Despite the fact that he was Nero’s tutor and minister, Seneca fell out of favor when he warned the emperor against his life of gross excess.

 

JULIUS CAESAR – GALLIC WARS

Day 1 – Go to this website, http://www.returnofkings.com/10306/julius-caesars- gallic-war, and read about Caesar’s successful military campaign in Gaul.

Day 2

Portable Roman Reader, pp. 213-223.

Day 3Portable Roman Reader, pp. 223-227.

Day 4 – What does the phrase “to cross the Rubicon” mean?
Where did “Caesarean section” originate?
Look up “czar” & “kaiser” in your dictionary. Write down the definitions.
What does “Beware the ides of March” mean?

RECITATION -Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

Recommended video – “Julius Caesar” (James Mason as Brutus).

Recommended Reading – Caesar’s Gallic War, Olivia Coolidge (from Caesar’s own journal); Detectives in Togas & Mystery of the Roman Ransom, by Henry Winterfield.

ROME RISING TO POWER:
Crassus, Caesar, Pompey, Cicero

Day 1  – Read Streams of Civilization, pp 153-155. What is limited government?
Define “triumvirate.”

Day 2 – Read Famous Men of Rome, ch. XX (Pompey).

Day 3 – Read Ten Famous Lives, ch. 8, Julius Caesar, OR Famous Men of
Rome, ch. XXI (Caesar)

Day 4 – Read Ten Famous Lives, Cicero, OR Famous Men of Rome, ch. XXII (Cicero); Portable Roman Reader, pp. 228-243, Cicero’s Oration Against Catiline.
Do you agree that Cicero was a great orator?

RECITATION – Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

Recommended video – “Spartacus” starring Kirk Douglas.

Recommended reading – Lucius: Adventures of a Roman Boy; Julius Caesar, John Buchan.

This day in history – 721 BC – The Greek astronomer Clausius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy) recorded the first known eclipse of the moon.

44 BC – Roman general and statesman Gaius Julius Caesar died at the hands of a group of nobles in the Senate House. “Beware the ides of March.”

THE PUNIC WARS – Hannibal & his elephants

PARENTS – I haven’t heard from many of you that your students finished their reading assignments last week.  Please let me know that you have checked up on them, and I will send you last week’s handout.  Also, only a few opportunities were returned.  I will have to give zeros to everyone who doesn’t return the opportunity.

Day 1 – Read Famous Men of Rome, ch. 15 (Scipio Africanus).

Day 2 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 146-148.

Day 3 – Research the Punic Wars, and the famous general Hannibal.
Write a 1-2 page paper on your findings.
Translate “Hannibal ad portas.” Can you imagine what that meant?

Day 4 – Research the term “rule of law” & “republic.”

RECITATION -Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

Recommended reading – Hannibal’s Elephants, Alfred Powers (hard to find), He Went With Hannibal, Louise Kent, & The Young Carthaginian, GA Henty.

This week in history – 4 BC Historian Josephus recorded an eclipse of the moon in Rome.

THE FOUNDING OF ROME; THE AENEID

OPPORTUNITY #3 IS DUE FRIDAY! SNAIL MAIL OR E-MAIL TO ME.

Day 1 – Read The Portable Roman Reader (The Aeneid), pp. 293-328.
Research Virgil in an Encyclopedia or on the internet.
Be prepared to tell about him on Friday.

Day 2 – Read The Portable Roman Reader pp 328-350; Streams of Civilization, pp. 140-145.
Why did Virgil write The Aeneid?
Who were Romulus & Remus?
Who were the Etruscans?

Day 3 – Read The Portable Roman Reader pp. 350-370.
If you have younger brothers or sisters, sit in on a family reading of In Search of a Homeland. It will give you the whole story of The Aeneid and you will love the beautiful illustrations.

Day 4 – Read The Portable Roman Reader, pp. 371-390.

RECITATION -Antony’s Funeral Recitation in “Julius Caesar,” by Shakespeare.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT

Day 1 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 131-135; Alexander the Great, pp. 84-104.
Define “to cut the Gordian knot.”

Day 2 – Read Ten Famous Lives, ch. 5, Alexander the Great, OR Famous Men of Greece, ch. XXV, pp. 111-115; Alexander the Great, pp. 105-128.

Day 3 – Read Famous Men of Greece, pp. 115-117; Alexander the Great, pp. 129-147.
Research Biblical prophesies regarding Alexander in Daniel 2, 7 & 8. If you can, locate a copy of Josephus, the Jewish historian’s account of the nation of Israel. Find in Book II his account of Alexander’s fascinating meeting with the High Priest in Jerusalem.

Day 4 – Read Alexander the Great, pp. 151-178.
After Alexander’s death, his kingdom was divided between 4 generals. Who were they, and what territory did they rule? This is also fulfillment of Biblical prophesy. Which one?

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration

STUDY FOR TEST

This week in history -46 BC – The addition of February 29 to the calendar was made with the adoption of the Julian calendar.

Recommended reading – Alexander’s Horses, Alfred Powers (hard to find).

PHILOSOPHERS

Day 1 – Socrates – Read Famous Men of Greece, ch. XXI (Socrates); Alexander the Great, pp. 1-21.

Day 2 – Plato – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 130-131; Alexander the Great, pp. 21-39.
Define “platonic love” & “Academy.”

Day 3 – Aristotle – Read Famous Men of Greece, ch. XXVII (Aristotle, Zeno, Diogenes, and Appelles); Alexander the Great, pp. 40-61.
Who is the founder of the study of logic?
What biological classification put Aristotle millenia ahead of his time?

Day 4 – Demosthenes -Read Ten Famous Lives, ch. 4, Demosthenes, OR Famous Men of Greece, ch. XXVI (Demosthenes); Alexander the Great, pp. 62-83.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

“Many of our people, without knowing it, are Christian heathen, and demand as much missionary effort as the heathen of foreign lands.” –Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)

PELOPONNESIAN WAR

Day 1 -Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 124-126; Portable Greek Historians, pp. 217-228.
What is the “Delian League?”

Day 2 – Read Portable Greek Historians, pp. 229-240; Ten Famous Lives, ch. 3, Alcibiades, OR Famous men of Greece, ch. XIX (Alcibiades).

Day 3 – Portable Greek Historians, pp. 241-252; Famous Men of Greece, ch. XX (Lysander).

Day 4 – Portable Greek Historians, pp. 253-265.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

“The next best thing to being wise oneself is to live in a circle of those who are.”
–C.S. Lewis (1898-1963)

PERICLES & THE GOLDEN AGE

Day 1 – Read Portable Greek Historian, pp. 265-273.
The Funeral Oration of Pericles.
Choose one of the following to research and write a 2-page paper about: Polyclitus, Democritus, Phides, Hippocrates, Thales, Pythagoras, Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschlys, Aristophanes, Archimedes, or Erastosthenes.

Day 2 – Read Streams of Civilizations, pp. 126-131.
Find a copy of “Antigone” on the internet or public library and read it. It was written by the playwright Sophocles. It follows “Oedipus” and “Oedipus at Cologne.” If you are ambitious, read those as well.

Day 3 – Read Ten Famous Lives, ch. 2 Pericles, OR Famous Men of Greece, ch. XVII – Pericles.

Day 4 – List advances made in art, architecture, politics, religion, science, math, drama, philosophy, and medicine.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

“The greatest advances in human civilization have come when we recovered what we had lost; when we learned the lessons of history.” –Winston Churchill (1874-1965)

This week in history – “Cleopatra’s Needles,” a stone obelisk from Egypt arrived in London and was floated up the Thames River to its resting place opposite the house of Parliament. It was met by cheering crowds and fired salutes despite its inordinate cost to taxpayers.

 

PERSIAN WARS

Day 1 – Read Portable Greek Historian, pp. 81-100 (1st half of “After the battle of Marathon”). Ten Famous Lives, ch. 1, Themosticles. Research Herodotus. Write a 1-page report on him.

Day 2 – Read Portable Greek Historian, pp.100 -118; Streams of Civilization, pp. 122-124.
What is the origin of the 26.2 mile “marathon?”

Day 3 – Read Portable Greek Historian, pp.119-138.

Day 4 – Read Portable Greek Historian, pp. 139-157.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

DEMOCRACY

Day 1 – Streams of Civilization p. 116-121

Define:  tyranny, and constitutional monarchy.

Day 2 – Read Famous Men of Greece, ch. XI, Draco & Solon.

Day 3 – Read Famous Men of Greece, ch. XII, Cleisthenes.
What is Cleisthenes best known for?

Day 4 – Read https://www.intellectualtakeout.org/article/us-democratic-constitutional-republic-and-yes-it-matters

Recitation – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

ATHENS & SPARTA

Day 1Streams of Civilization, pp. 116-121.

Read Paul’s sermon to the Greeks on Mars Hill – Acts 17.

Day 2 – The Greek word for city state was “polis.”  Find a few derivatives of this Greek word.  Define “spartan.”

Day 3Famous Men of Greece, ch. X, Lycurgus, 800 B.C..

In Sparta, who had the ultimate authority?  Who/what were people expected to serve?  What personal qualities did they revere?  Was human life precious?  Was there individual freedom?

Day 4 – Research the beginning of the Olympics.  (See Streams, p. 119)

Write a 1-page paper about your findings.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration.

TROJAN WAR, APPROX. 1193 B.C.

Day 1Portable Greek Historian, pp. 71-74.

Research Heinrich Schlieman.  Prepare a 2-page report on him, and turn it in on Friday.  Was the Trojan War real or legend?

Day 2 –  Portable Greek Historian, pp. 74-79. Who was Homer?  Look him up in the encyclopedia or on-line.

Day 3 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 64-67.

 Day 4 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 87-89.

RECITATION – Pericles’ Funeral Oration, see attached.

This day in history – 18 A.D. The Roman poet Ovid died in exile on January 2, one year to the day after his friend Roman historian Livy died.

 

JEWS RETURN TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE (EZRA) & WALL (NEHEMIAH); WHILE STILL IN CAPTIVITY UNDER PERSIAN KINGS

Day 1 – Read Ezra ch. 1-4; A House For My Name, pp. 215-222; A Biblical Antiquity (handout), pp. 44-52.

Day 2 – Read Ezra, ch. 5 & 6; Nehemiah, ch. 1 & 2; A House For My Name, pp. 225-229.

Day 3 – Read Nehemiah, ch. 3-7; A House For My Name, pp. 229-239; Esther, ch. 1-5.

Day 4 -Read Nehemiah, ch. 8-13; Esther, ch. 6-10.

STUDY FOR TEST

RECITATION – “The Destruction of Sennacherib,” by Lord Byron, & Hezekiah’s Prayer – 2 Kings 19:15-20.    

Recommended Reading – The King’s Cupbearer.

 This week in history – 43 B.C. Roman statesman & author Cicero was murdered Dec. 7th.

                                             Merry Christmas!

 

ISRAEL CONQUERED BY ASSYRIA; JUDAH CARRIED INTO CAPTIVITY BY BABYLON –

Day 1 – Destruction of Israel – 2 Kings 17; A House For My Name, pp. 189-196; Streams of Civilization, pp. 96-97.

Read Nahum 1:8Do you know what happened to Nineveh?

Day 2 – Judah Carried into Captivity by Babylon – 2 Kings 25; A House For My Name, pp. 196-201;  Streams of Civilization, pp. 100-103.

See if you can find a description of The Hanging Gardens of Babylon.  Then find a list of the other Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Day 3Daniel, ch. 1-3; A House For My Name, pp. 201-208.

Judah was carried into captivity in three stages:

1) Daniel & the cream of the crop in 605 B.C.;

2) Ezekiel & others in 597 B.C.; and

3) Jerusalem destroyed 586 B.C.

Day 4Daniel, ch. 4-6; A House For My Name, 209-212; Streams of Civilization, pp. 103-106.

Look up Jeremiah 27:8 & 25:9.

          Babylon falls in 539 to King Darius of the Medes & Persians.

RECITATION – “The Destruction of Sennacherib,” by Lord Byron,

& Hezekiah’s Prayer – 2 Kings 19:15 – 20.

 This week in history: 8 B.C. The Roman poet Horace died in Rome on Nov. 27th.

PROPHETS

Day 1 -Elijah – 1 Kings 17, 18 & 19; A House For My Name, pp. 161-167.

Prophets to the Nation of Israel  – Jonah (760 BC), Amos, & Hosea.

Day 2 – Elisha – 2 Kings 2 & 4; A House For My Name, pp. 167- 179.

Prophets to Judah – Joel (835 BC), Isaiah (740 BC), Micah (735 BC), Zephaniah (630 BC), Jedediah (627 BC), Habbakuk (607 BC).

Day 3 – Jonah – Book of Jonah; A House For My Name, pp. 179- 187.

Day 4 – Amos – Amos 1:1-5 (judgment against Damascus); all of chapter 2 (judgment against Moab, Judah and Israel); 3:1-10; all of chapter 4; 5:4-7, 14-15; and 9:11-15 (the restoration of Israel).

RECITATION – “The Destruction of Sennacherib,” by Lord Byron, & Hezekiah’s Prayer – 2 Kings 19:15-20.

This week in history – One of the greatest patristic writers, Basil of Caesarea, believed Jesus Christ was born November 20, 3 B.C., Clement of Alexandria believed He was born November 17, 3 B.C.

 

KINGS – SAUL & DAVID

Day 1 – Read 1 Samuel 8 & 9; Saul’s death, 1 Samuel 31; A House For My Name, pp. 129-135.
Look up Deuteronomy 17:14-20. Did Saul violate any of these requirements for kings?

Day 2 – David’s anointing, 1 Samuel 16-18; A House For My Name, pp. 136-141.

Day 3 – David’s reign, 2 Samuel 1-10; A House For My Name, pp. 141-153.

Day 4 – David’s downfall, 2 Samuel 11-18.

RECITATION – “The Destruction of Sennacherib,” by Lord Byron, & Hezekiah’s Prayer – 2 Kings 19:15-20.

JUDGES
Nation of Israel- Week 1

Day 1 – Deborah, Judges, ch. 4 & 5.

Day 2 – Gideon, Judges, ch. 6,7,8.

Day 3 – Abimelech, Judges, ch. 9; A House For My Name, pp. 114-119.

Day 4 – Jephthah & Manoah, Judges, ch. 10-13; A House For My Name, pp. 122-126.
Why do you think Israel suffered so many difficulties during the period of Judges?

If you have time, please try to read about Samson & Deliah in Judges ch. 14-16 to complete your study of Judges.

 

AHMOSE, HATSHEPSUT, THUTMOSE III, AMONHOTEP, & TUTANKAHMEN

Take home Opportunity #2 will be handed out in class on Friday.

Recitation due Friday as well.  

Don’t miss my favorite song about Ancient Egyptian history:  😉  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYbavuReVF4

Day 1 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 53-57.
Pick one of the above Pharaohs, and research everything you can find about him or her. Write a one-page paper about him, and turn it in on Friday.

Day 2 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 58-62.
Who was the chosen wife for the Pharaoh?

Day 3 – Read The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, pp. 80-96, Hatsheput. (On the 3rd- 6th grade book list. If you don’t have a copy, I will either e-mail it or post it on the website).

Day 4 – Read The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, pp. 119-152, Amenhotep. Ditto from yesterday.

RECITATION – The Ten Commandments.

Recommended reading – The Golden Goblet.

HYKSOS INVASION

Day 1 – Read Jewish historian Josephus Flavius’ account of the Hyksos people, (attached.)

Day 2 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 47-49.

Day 3 – Read A Biblical Antiquity attached, pp. 19-21.

Day 4 – Read http://orvillejenkins.com/peoples/hyksosandhebrews.html.

RECITATION – The Ten Commandments.

“To live for a time close to great minds is the best kind of education.”
-John Buchan (1875 – 1940)

This day in history – 54 A.D. Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, the Roman emperor who extended Roman rule in North Africa & added Britain as a Roman province, died October 13. He was poisoned by his wife! Also, the Roman poet Virgil, author of The Aeneid, was born October 15, 70 B.C.

MOSES, PLAGUES, EXODUS

Day 1 – Read Exodus ch. 1 & 2; Streams of Civilization, pp. 52-58.
What happened after Joseph & his brothers died?
What is the new Pharoah worried about?

Day 2 – Read Exodus ch. 3-12;
Make a chart of each plague. Research – who do you think was the Pharoah during the Exodus? Be able to defend your position. How long was the period of captivity? Look up Exodus 12:40 & Gal. 3:17. What is the conflict?

Day 3 -Exodus, ch. 13-15; A House For My Name, pp. 72-81.
How do you believe the Red Sea was parted? Can you find any scientific explanations to confirm it?
Note the geographical descriptions of the flight from Egypt, the crossing of the Red Sea, the route to & description of Mt. Sinai.
(Gal. 4:25).

Day 4 – Exodus ch. 19 & 20.
List what God reminds Moses He has done, and what He will do. What does God ask Israel in return?

Video Recommendation – “In Search of the Real Mt. Sinai,” by Bob Cornuke; “The Ten Commandments,” starring Charlton Heston; and the animated “Prince of Egypt.”

RECITATION – The Ten Commandments.

ABRAHAM, ISAAC, JACOB, JOSEPH

Day 1– Read Genesis 12, 13, 15 & 17; & The Riddle of the Rosetta Stone, pp. 52-60.
What is God’s promise to Abram? (Gen. 15:13).
Why does God change Abram’s name? What does his new name mean?

Day 2– Read Genesis 2, & 29-30; The Riddle of Rosetta Stone, pp.61-71.
Who do the Egyptians believe is God? What then, do they believe about man?

Day 3– Read Genesis 37-40 (Joseph in slavery).
Joseph entered Egypt approx. 1875 B.C. Why do you think God allowed Joseph to be taken as a slave? Look ahead to Gen. 50:20.

Day 4– Read Genesis 41-47 (Famine in Egypt).

RECITATION – The Ten Commandments.

“Instruct a wise man and he will be wiser still; teach a righteous man and he will add to his learning.” –King Solomon

This day in history – Aristotle is believed to have died Oct. 2.