7th-8th History – Christendom Week 19


Day 1 – Read The Story of Liberty, ch. 2; Famous Men of the Renaissance & Revolution, ch. XV, Wycliffe.            

Day 2 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, pp. 3-24.

                        Where was Wycliffe from?

What was the center of all intellectual activity in England at this time?

Day 3 – Read The Church in History, pp. 143-144.

Day 4 – Read Morning Star of the Reformation, pp. 27-46.                                                     

RECITATION – “The Reeds of Runnymede,” by Rudyard Kipling. 

Recommended video – “John Wycliffe: The Morning Star.”

This week in history – Jan. 25, 1533, King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn. 

Jan. 28, 1547, King Henry VIII died; succeeded by sickly 9-yr. old son, Edward VI


part 3 – Week 18

 Day 1 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 62-73.

Day 2 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 74-85.              

Day 3 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 87-106.    

Day 4 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 107-129.

How did King John inadvertently contribute to the development of the English Parliament?

What did Stephen Langton use as the foundation for the development of a charter to secure the rights and liberties of Englishmen?

Which provision of the Magna Charta was a first step toward parliamentary government?

 Research Marco Polo in the encyclopedia or on the internet.  Write a 1-page paper about him. 

 RECITATION – “The Reeds of Runnymede,” by Rudyard Kipling.

Recommended reading – This is the same time period as William Wallace and Robert the Bruce who fought for independence for Scotland.  Scottish Chiefs, by Jane Porter covers this & In Freedom’s Cause, G.A.Henty.   

 About William Tell, The Apple and the Arrow, by Mary & Conrad Buff.

This day in history – Jan. 15, 1559, Queen Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England after the death of her half-sister, Bloody Mary.

Jan. 17, 1604, King James I appointed 54 scholars to produce a new translation of the bible.


Day 1 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 22 – 30.

Day 2 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 31-39.

Day 3 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 40-49.

Day 4 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 50-61.

King Henry II was the great grandson of which famous conqueror? 

 Why was King Henry II’s youngest son named John Lackland?

How did John Lackland come to rule England as supreme monarch while his brother Richard was actually king?

What was remarkable about Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine?

 What was the name of the tax which nobles could pay to avoid                   military service?

What great aid to Bible study was developed by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury?

RECITATION – “The Reeds of Runnymede,” by Rudyard Kipling.

Recommended reading – Robin Hood, R. Lancelyn Green. 

 This week in history – Jan. 8, 1642, Astronomer Galileo Galilei died in Italy.

 Jan. 9, 1324, Marco Polo died in Venice.


Day 1The Story of Liberty, note from publisher, introduction, & ch. 1.

Day 2 Isaiah 33:22; Psalm 2; & Daniel, ch. 4. 

Evaluate the declaration of Pope Gregory VII (p 23-24) in light of Isaiah 33:22.  To whom will all earthly rulers ultimately answer?  In Psalm 2, what instructions does God give to kings and judges of the earth?  Read the story of Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 4.  Who sets men in positions of authority?

Day 3 – Read The Magna Charta, pp. 1-9.                

 Day 4 – Read The Magna Charta, pp.10-21; “Magna Carta,” attached. 

RECITATION: “The Reeds of Runnymede” by Rudyard Kipling.

Recommended reading – Ivanhoe, Sir Walter Scott.

Recommended video – “Ivanhoe,” with James Mason.

This day in history – Jan. 1, 1449, Lorenzo de Medici was born in Florence. 

Jan. 3, 1521, Martin Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X for his refusal to recant his commitment to reform the church.  The Protestant Reformation was then launched.  

Jan. 6, 871, Alfred the Great defeated the Danes at the Battle of                                    Ashdown.

Jan. 7, 367, Athanasius (My grandson Peter’s middle name) established the list of the canon of the Old and New Testaments in his annual Lententide letter.


Otto I & The Holy Roman Empire (962-973) – El Cid

Day 1Streams of Civilization pp. 270 – 275; “Germany & Italy,” attached.

Day 2Kingfisher’s Encyclopedia, pp. 124; Famous Men of the Middle Ages, Otto I       (not in the newest edition).       

                        What did Pope John XII ask of Otto?

                        What did many Dukes of Germany try to do to Otto I?

                        How did Otto become King of Italy? 

                        What was the Treaty of Verdun? 

Day 3Cultural Atlas for Young People, Middle Ages, pp. 36, 37, attached.

Day 4The Church in History, pp. 84-85; Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. XXVI, (El Cid).

RECITATION: “King Alfred’s War Song.”

Recommended Video – “El Cid,” starring Charleton Heston. 

Recommended reading – The Legend of El Cid, Jane Matthews. 

This day in history – Oct. 24, 1537, Jane Seymour, third wife of England’s King Henry VIII, died twelve days after giving birth to Prince Edward, later King Edward VI.

  Oct. 25, 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer died and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

 Oct. 25, 1415, King Henry V defeated the French at Agincourt. 


Mohammad (570 – 632) & Islam

September 28 – October 2, 2020

Day 1 Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. IX – Mohammad.

Write a summary of Mohammed’s vision.

Day 2Kingfisher Encyclopedia, pp. 106-107; Cultural Atlas for Young People, Middle Ages – pp. 26, 72, attached.

Day 3Streams of Civilization, pp. 237-239; “Islam: A Fighting Faith”, attached.

Is Islam a peaceful religion?

Were the 9/11 terrorists following the teaching of their divine prophet?

Day 4The Church in History, pp. 60-68.

What does “Islam” mean?  Who was Mohammed’s first convert to Islam?

RECITATION: The Nicene Creed.


Recommended reading – The Blood of the Moon, George Grant.  At this same time, (597), Augustine, missionary to Ireland, converts many.  Read about him in Augustine Comes to Kent, Barbara Willard.


Justinian (527 – 565) – Week 6

Day 1Famous Men of the Middle Ages – ch. VI – Justinian; “Justinian: Achievements and Personality,” attached.

Day 2- Read Kingfisher’s Encyclopedia, pp. 100-101; Cultural Atlas for Young People, The Middle Ages pp. 16-17, attached.

Where did Justinian build a church?  What was its name?  What does the name mean?  What architectural style was the church Justinian built?  With what were Eastern churches usually decorated?

Day 3- Read The Church in History – pp. 61-62; “The Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian,” attached.

What did Justinian try to eliminate?  How did he go about this?

Day 4– Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 193-196; “Italy under Theodoric and Justinian,” attached.

RECITATION: The Nicene Creed.

Recommended Reading – The Iron Charm, Joanne Williamson.

“Instruct a wise man and he will be wiser still; teach a righteous man and he will add to his learning.”  –King Solomon

This day in history – Sept. 27, 1498, Spanish Inquisitor Tomas de Torquemada, one of the cruelest men who ever lived, died.


Day 1 Famous Men of the Middle Ages, Intro I – The God of the Teutons; Intro II – The Niebelungs; Streams of Civilizations, p. 190-192.

Day 2Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. I – Alaric the Visigoth; ch. II

Attilla the Hun; Streams of Civilization, p. 255-258.

Describe Alaric’s dream.  Describe how Attila came to wear the “sword of Tiew”.


Day 3Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. III – Genseric the Vandal; ch. IV

Theodoric the Ostrogoth; Streams of Civilization, p. 258-261.

                   Who invited Genseric into the country and why?

 Day 4   – Famous Men of the Middle Ages, ch. 5 – Clovis; ch. XIII – Rollo the Viking.

How was Clovis converted to Christianity?

Recitation – “What is man?” from Augustine’s Confessions.

 Recommended Reading – Children of Odin, Padraic Colum; Legends of the North, Olivia Coolidge

 This week in history – August 28, 430, St. Augustine of Hippo died.

September 3, 1189, Richard the Lion-Hearted was crowned as King Richard I of England.


Augustine (386)- Week 1

 Day 1 – Read “100 Events in Church History,” pp. 13-14; & Augustine, Farmer’s Boy of Tagaste, ch. 1-4.

Who was Augustine’s mother and what influence did she have on him? 

Day 2 – Read The Church in History, pp. 29-32; Augustine, ch. 5-8; “Augustine of Hippo,” by David F. Wright, attached.

Day 3 – Read The Church in History, pp. 32-37; Augustine, ch. 9-12.

In what year did Augustine convert to Christianity?

Who baptized Augustine?  When?

 Day 4 – Read Streams of Civilization, pp. 182; The Church in History, pp. 37-41; Augustine, ch. 13-17.

What is the book City of God about?

Describe the differences between Augustine & Pelagius regarding their belief in the nature of man.

Recommended further reading: Confessions, by Augustine.

RECITATION:What is man?” in Confessions, by Augustine.

           This day in history – August 23, 1305, Scottish Patriot Sir William Wallace was hanged,  drawn, beheaded, and quartered in London.        

            August 24, 1456 – The printing of the first Gutenberg Bible was completed in Mainz.